Human Body Modelling in Automotive Safety

  • Learn more about current application examples.
  • Profit from a high level of industry relevance.
Human Body Modelling in Automotive Safety | VDI Wissensforum

The “Human Body Modelling in Automotive Safety” conference will provide you with insight into the current state of affairs in industry and research in human models. Learn more about potential application possibilities from the OEM, supplier and academic point of view. You will also find out about how human models can support you in determining injury risks in pre-crash and crash situations.

Human body models – possibilities and challenges

Autonomous driving has serious consequences that affect the behavior of passengers, for example. Therefore, real crash tests are increasingly limited in realistically depicting the wide variety of possible injury scenarios. That makes innovative simulations of such situations increasingly important.

The “Human Body Modelling in Automotive Safety” conference builds upon these new developments and focuses on current computational models for human bodies in vehicles. With these models, the effects of various different accidents on the human body can be realistically assessed.

The main conference themes include:

  • Modelling based on active and passive safety measures
  • Calculating active muscle contractions
  • Models for the pre-crash phase
  • Modelling based on age and gender

The conference is the result of a cooperation with the “THUMS USER COMMUNITY – TUC”. Prof. Dr. Steffen Peldschus from the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich and Dr. Henry Bensler from Volkswagen AG will take the lead.

With sufficient demand, we can also offer international guests simultaneous translation.

Download Program PDF

Program of the Conference

Tuesday, November 28, 2017


Anmeldung / Registrierung


Begrüßung und Eröffnung der Konferenz durch die Konferenzleitung /
Welcome and opening of the conference by the chairmen

Modellvalidierung /
Model Validation


Einflussfaktoren bei der Validierung von FE-Menschmodellen /
Factors influencing the validation of FE Human Body Models

  • Analyse von Parametern zur Vorhersage von Knochenfrakturen
  • Geeignete Validierungslastfälle
  • Einflussfaktoren auf Validierungsergebnisse

Sonja Schneider, M.Sc., Doktorandin, Integrale Sicherheit Front/Heck, Co-Autoren: Emrah Yigit, beide AUDI AG, Ingolstadt, Prof. Dr. Steffen Peldschus, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München


Development of a detailed arm FE for industrial applications

  • HBM in industrial safety applications (HRI – Human Robot Interaction)
  • FE Modelling and validation of detailed arm to predict minor injury risks in workplaces
  • Minor injuries and onset of pain based on Pressure and force values- ISO TS 15066

Gyanadutta Swain, Senior CAE Analyst, Occupant Safety, Mercedes Benz Research & Development India Ltd., Bangalore, India


Möglichkeiten und Herausforderungen bei der Validierung von Menschmodellen – Thums V4 in VPS

  • Herausforderungen in Bezug auf Materialabbildung
  • Herausforderungen aus numerischer Sicht
  • Möglichkeiten mittels Co-Simulation

Dr.-Ing. André Berger, Technischer Direktor, Engineering System International GmbH, Neu-Isenburg


Gemeinsames Mittagessen in der Fachausstellung /
Lunch and visit to the Exhibition

Entwicklung von aktiven Modellen /
Active Model Development


Modellierung von aktiver menschlicher Bewegung: Ein mehrskaliger Ansatz zur Bewegungserzeugung /
Active human motion modelling: a multi-scale approach to movement Generation

  • Muskelmodellierung als Ausgangspunkt für eine vollständige Bewegungssynthese
  • Sensor – Aktuator – Kopplung in biologischen Systemen
  • Wissenstransfer von biomechanischer Forschung zur automobilen Sicherheitsforschung

Jun.-Prof., Dr. rer. nat., Dipl.-Phys. Syn Schmitt, Biomechanik und -robotik, Co-Autor: Oleksandr Martynenko, Ph.D., beide Stuttgarter Zentrum für Simulationswissenschaften (SC SimTech), Universität Stuttgart


Development of THUMS including muscle controllers for prediction of relaxed and tensed occupant kinematics in precrash and during crash

  • Modelling of a human whole-body Finite Element Model including active muscles
  • Modelling of a muscle activation controller for representation of relaxed and tensed occupants
  • Simulation of occupant behaviors in precrash and during crash

Daichi Kato, M.Inf.Sc., Assistant Researcher, R&D, Co-Autoren:  Yuko Nakahira, Dr. Masami Iwamoto, alle Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc., Nagakute, Japan


Enhancement of HBM Active Muscle Modeling in VPS

  • Development of an Active HBM (THUMS) in VPS environment
  • Integration of a muscle controller for the model
  • Validation of the model with volunteer test data

Takahiko Sugiyama, M.Eng., Research Engineer, VW Group Research, Vehicle Technology CAE Methods, Co-Autoren: Jens Weber,  Dr. Henry-Paul Bensler, alle Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg


Kaffeepause in der Fachausstellung /
Coffee break and visit to the Exhibition

Insassenvariabilität und Positionierung /
Population Variety and Posture


GHBMC Model Simulations in frontal and oblique sled tests for different body sizes and seating positions

  • NHTSA AARP sled test simulations extend to the human models
  • Correlated ATD sled tests and baseline restrain system models applied
  • Occupant kinematics and injury patterns affected by crash type & severity, body size, seating positions
  • Restraint performances vary for the human models and ATDs

Dr. Jay Zhao, Technical Manager, CAE, Co-Autor: Dr. Maika Katagiri, beide TK Holdings, INC / TAKATA, Auburn Hills, USA


PIPER Open Source framework for Human Body Models: status and perspectives

  • Performance description and limitations of the PIPER software
  • Status of Metadata
  • PIPER Child human body models
  • Scheme for future developments and contributions

Philippe Beillas, Ph.D., Researcher, Biomechanics and Impact Mechanics Laboratory (LBMC), IFSTTAR University Lyon, Bron, Frankreich


PIPER active session


Ende des 1. Veranstaltungstages /
End of the 1st conference day



Zum Ausklang des ersten Veranstaltungstages lädt Sie das VDI Wissensforum zu einem Get-together ein. Nutzen Sie die entspannte Atmosphäre, um Ihr Netzwerk zu erweitern und mit anderen Teilnehmern und Referenten vertiefende Gespräche zu führen.
At the end of the first conference day we kindly invite you to use the relaxed and informal atmosphere for in-depth conversations with other participants and speakers.

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Aktuelle Anwendungsszenarien /
Current Application Scenarios


Rekonstruktion einer Seitenkollision mit stoßabgewandtem Insassen unter Einsatz numerischer Menschmodelle /
Reconstruction of a side impact accident with farside occupant using HBM (Human Body Model)

  • Realunfallrekonstruktion unter Einsatz von PC-Crash und Finite Elemente Methoden
  • Rekonstruktion der Verletzungsmuster des Insassen unter Einsatz numerischer Verfahren und Finite Elemente Menschmodellen
  • Methoden zur Skalierung von HBM im Hinblick auf eine möglichst weitgehende Nachbildung des individuellen Insassen
  • Diskussion entsprechender Verletzungskriterien & -indikatoren beim Einsatz virtueller HBM

Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Christian Mayer, Entwicklungsingenieur, Prüffeld Passive Sicherheit & Fahrzeugfunktionen, Co-Autoren: Jan Dobberstein, Uwe Nagel, alle Daimler AG, Sindelfingen, Sammed Pandharkar, Hemanth G. Kumar, Shubham Kulkarni, alle Mercedes-Benz R&D India Ltd., Bangalore, Indien


Study of occupant head injuries using THUMS in side collisions

  • Accident reconstruction using human FE model “THUMS V4”
  • Research of far side occupant injury mechanism in side collision
  • Possible crash condition might cause head injuries

Dr. -Ing. Tsuyoshi Yasuki, Project general manager, Advanced CAE Division, Advanced R&D and Engineering Company, Co- Autoren: Shota Hashimoto, Yuichi Kitagawa, alle Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota, Japan


Using Human Body Model to design PMHS test set-up

  • Sled test set up
  • Rib fractures
  • Generic belt and bag restraint system

Prof. Bengt Pipkorn, Ph.D., Director Simulation and Active Structures, Research, Co-Autoren: Krystoffer Mroz, Ph.D., beide Autoliv Development, Vårgårda, Schweden, Francisco López-Valdéz, Ph.D., Comillas Pontifical University, Madrid, Spanien


Kaffeepause und Besuch der Fachausstellung  /
Coffee break and visit to the Exhibition

Menschenmodelle für zukünftige Fahrsituationen /
HBM in future driving modes


A preliminary study of Human Body Model response to frontal loading in non-traditional occupant seating configurations

  • The benefits of Human Body Models for demonstrating various injury risks by posture
  • The importance of Human Body Models for the mitigation of injury risk in alternative seating postures made possible by highly  automated vehicles
  • The particular relevance of a 2016 NHTSA policy document
  • The use of Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) models in this study

F. Scott Gayzik, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Co-Autoren: Joel D. Stitzel, Ph.D., beide Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Matthew L. Davis, Ph.D., Elemance, alle Winston-Salem, USA


Qualifizierung von FEM Menschmodellen für die Evaluierung von Submarining-Phänomenen in der Fahrzeugsicherheit /
Qualification of Finite Element Human Body Models to evaluate submarining in automotive safety applications

  • Relevanz Submarining für die Fahrzeugsicherheit
  • Validierungsanforderungen bezüglich Submarining
  • Validierung der Lendenwirbelsäule (LWS)

Dustin Draper, M.Sc., Doktorand, Gesamtfahrzeug - Grundsatzthemen Passive Sicherheit, Co-Autoren: Philipp Wernicke, beide BMW Group AG, München, Prof. Dr. Steffen Peldschus, Therese Fuchs, M.Sc., beide Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München


Challenges in Soft Tissue Modelling for future HBM application Scenarios

  • Experimental validation
  • Soft tissue layers
  • Computational modelling

Dipl.-Ing. Felicitas Lanzl, Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin, Biomechanik, Co-Autoren: Therese Fuchs, M.Sc., Prof. Dr. Steffen Peldschus, alle Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München


Gemeinsames Mittagessen in der Fachausstellung / 
Lunch and visit to the exhibition

Bewertung von Verletzungsrisiken mit Hilfe von Menschmodellen /
Injury Risk Evaluation Using HBMs


Global and local head injury criteria

  • Important criteria (such as tissue based and BriC)
  • Head modelling
  • Head trauma database

Prof. Remy Willinger, Professor, Dr. Caroline Deck, Researcher, and Dr. Nicolas Bourdet, Researcher, alle Impact Biomechanics, Strasbourg University, Frankreich


Recent HBM activities at Chalmers University

  • Development and validation of a generic ribcage
  • Omnidirectional neck muscle activation patterns
  • Further development of the ViVA open source HBM model

Dr. Johan Iraeus, Post doc, Vehicle Safety, Co-Autoren: Johan Davidsson, Karin Brolin, alle Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Schweden


Bewertung des Risikos von Brustkorbverletzungen älterer Fahrzeuginsassen mit Menschmodellen /
Assessment of chest injury risk of elderly vehicle occupants with Human Body Models

  • Ergebnisse aus dem EU-Projekt SENIORS (Safety-ENhancing Innovations for Older Road userS)
  • Einfluss altersabhängiger Brustkorbparameter auf das Risiko von Rippenfrakturen
  • Verbesserte Brustkorbverletzungskriterien

Dr.-Ing. Andre Eggers, Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, Passive Fahrzeugsicherheit, Biomechanik, Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt), Bergisch Gladbach


Methodik für die Insassenschutzbewertung mit Dummys und  Menschmodellen /
Method for the assessment of the occupant safety with dummys and human body models

  • Bestimmung einer Methodik zur Maximierung der Überlebenswahrscheinlichkeit des Insassen
  • Bewertung des Einflusses von Parametern auf die Überlebenswahrscheinlichkeit

Sebastian Büchner, M.Sc., Doktorand, Integrale Sicherheit Front/Heck, Co-Autoren: Dr. Giacomo Marini, beide AUDI AG, Ingolstadt, Prof. Dr. Steffen Peldschus, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München


Zusammenfassung /
Closing remarks


Ende der Veranstaltung /
End of the conference

Who should take part

The conference is aimed at professionals and executives in the fields of simulation and calculation, CAE and human modelling from the following areas:

  • Vehicle safety (active, passive, integral)
  • Vehicle safety advance development
  • Crash calculation/simulation
  • Ergonomics
  • Methodology
  • Biomechanics
  • Human Machine Interface

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You would like to find out about the current research, development and application possibilities in automotive safety? Then book your ticket for this conference now.

Eventnumber: 01KO510

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